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JANINE ANDRADE plays Beethoven, Mozart and Roussel

1-4. Beethoven: Violin Sonata No.7 in C minor, Op.30, No.2 [26:40]
I. Allegro con brio [07:59]
II. Adagio cantabile [10:01]
III. Scherzo. Allegro – Trio [03:17]
IV. Finale. Allegro [05:18]
Janine Andrade ∙ violin
Germaine Leroux ∙ piano

Recorded ∙ 16 February 1957 ∙ Hamburg ∙ Studio ∙ Norddeutscher Rundfunk ∙ Radio Studio Recording

5-7. Beethoven: Violin Sonata No.3 in E-flat Major, Op.12, No.3 [17:30]
I. Allegro con spirito [07:40]
II. Adagio con molta espressione [05:49]
III. Rondo: Allegro molto [04:01]
8-10. Mozart: Violin Sonata in B-flat Major, KV.454 [20:06]
I. Largo – Allegro [06:56]
II. Andante [06:49]
III. Allegretto [06:21]
Janine Andrade ∙ violin
Hans Altmann ∙ piano

Recorded ∙ 24 June 1960 ∙ Ettlingen ∙ Schloss ∙ Süddeutscher Rundfunk ∙ Live Recording

11-13. Roussel: Violin Sonata No.2, Op.28 (1924) [14:17]
I. Allegro Con Moto [05:02]
II. Andante [05:04]
III. Presto [04:11]
Janine Andrade ∙ violin
Nicole Rolet de Castel ∙ piano

Recorded ∙ 17 March 1955 ∙ Paris ∙ Studio RTF ∙ Radiodiffusion-Télévision Française ∙ Radio Studio Recording

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Janine Marie Louise Andrade was born on November 13, 1918 in Besançon, France. She studied the violin at a very early age. Her mother was a pianist, and a dominant figure in furthering her musical education and development. Janine gave her first public performance at the age of seven at a Benefit Concert in 1926, accompanied by her mother at the piano.

Rapid progress on the violin permitted her to compete for admission to the Paris Conservatoire, where she studied with Jules Boucherit. By age twelve she had already won a First Prize at the conservatory in 1931: “Miss Andrade passed with flying colors through a long and exacting program. She possesses a very secure technic and an absolute control and balance over the violin. Everything she does is executed with accuracy and precision. Although we would appreciate that she plays more relaxed, more sensitive combined with charm.”

She immediately garnered great success in Switzerland in 1932, where she held her first radio recital at “Radio Suisse Romande” billed as Janine Andrade, violoniste virtuose de 12 ans. Her first solo concert in public took place that year in Lausanne.

A Swiss music critic wrote: “La prodigieuse violoniste de douze ans, Janine Andrade – “Et celle de samedi 12 mars dépassa les autres de loin. Les quelque 250 personnes, privilégiées, samedi, garderont à jamais le souvenir de ce récital. Et les autres, les quelque 200 ou 300 personnes qui auraient encore dû se trouver là, qu’elles gardent à jamais aussi le regret de s’être privé, de par leur apathie, de deux heures d’une musique profonde et intense, de deux heures de joie inoubliable. Car Janine Andrade est une artiste incomparable. Elle n’a que 12 ans, mais elle en sait plus, elle nous dit plus, avec son violon, que bien des artistes après une carrière de 20 ans et plus. A douze ans, elle possède une technique impeccable alliée à une interprétation profonde et bien au-dessus de son âge. Il y a en elle du génie : inclinons-nous ! et remercions-la pour toute cette joie qu’elle nous a procurée…Elle interpréta et joua admirablement le Concerto de Mendelssohn (c’est peut-être ce que nous avons préféré), et avec une grâce exquise “Chérubins” de Couperin; avec impétuosité et fougue une danse espagnole de de Falla; avec une fraîcheur et une clarté merveilleuses “Printemps” de Darius-Milhaud; et quelle aisance, quelle souplesse dans “Sicilienne et Rigaudon” de Francoeur-Kreisler! Dans les “Airs Russes” de Wieniawski, hérissés de difficultés, Janine Andrade a su faite apprécier sa grande virtuosité. Nous souhaitons à l’enfant, violoniste prodigieuse, une carrière et un succès dignes de son génie. N’oublions pas non plus de nommer l’accompagnatrice délicate et accomplie qu’est Mme Hewitt-Tilliard, pianiste.”

In 1936, Andrade went to study under Jacques Thibaud in Saint-Jean-de-Luz: she had already performed with him the Bach Double Concerto in D Minor in Roubaix a year before in January 1935. She continued her career as a concert violinist until the Second World War. The outbreak of war halted all performances abroad.

After World War II, Andrade took part in a cultural exchange program that had her touring throughout Austria and Germany. She performed a highly acclaimed recital with pianist Denise Hugon on December 6, 1946 in Vienna, Mozart-Saal:
• Vitali: Chaconne
• Lalo: Symphonie espagnole
• Paganini/Auer: Caprice No. 24
• Debussy/Heifetz: Clair de lune
• Ries: Perpetuum mobile
• Ravel: Tzigane

Andrade’s stature as an artist had become more widely acknowledged and she became a popular violinist, although there was a strong rivalry between her and Ginette Neveu, until Neveu passed away in 1949. Soon afterwards, Andrade’s ever increasing successes in Europe (France, England, Belgium, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Scandinavia, Germany, Rumania, Tchecoslovakia) led her in the muscial centers throughout the world: Japan, Thailand, Near East, Far East, South America (April-July 1949) and South Africa (1953).

On September 1, 1953, Andrade went with Henryk Szeryng to the Paris Orly Airport to see off Thibaud, who was scheduled to perform in Japan. A few hours later Thibaud died when his Air France airliner crashed near Mt. Cemet, in the French Alps. In 1956 she was greatly honored by being appointed as Vice-President of the Jury for the Concours International de Prague. During her extensive musical trips as violinist, she played with many major orchestras led by prominent conductors, among them: Ernest Ansermet, Van Beinum, Eugène Bigot, Eugen Jochum, Ferdinand Leitner, Konwitschny, Pierre Monteux, Charles Munch, Günther Wand, Sixten Ehrling, Jean Martinon and Paul Paray.

In 1972, Andrade suffered a massive stroke while teaching students that that evolved into aphasia and hemiplegia on the right side of her body and an inability to properly speak. She was very uncomfortable without much of a future and spent her remaining years in the “Fondation Galignani” nursing home in Neuilly, France.

Janine Andrade died in a hospital in Levallois-Perret, France on October 24, 1997.

Source: French radio program “Les après midi de France Musique”. Dr. Ponsot and Étienne Vatelot interviewed about Andrade in 1986.

Notes by Michael Waiblinger, © 2014

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Article number: MC 2021
UPC barcode: 791154054116
Recording dates: 1955-1960
Release date: March 2015
Total timing: 78:34

Producer and Audio Restoration: Lynn Ludwig
Booklet Notes: Michael Waiblinger
Design: Alessia Issara
Photographs: Boris Lipnitzki
With special thanks to Jean-Michel Molkhou
From the Original Masters ∙ © 2015 Meloclassic